BONDI, SIR HERMANN


BONDI, SIR HERMANN
BONDI, SIR HERMANN (1919– ), British mathematician and cosmologist, born in Vienna, where he lived and studied under the shadow of fascism. He moved to England in 1937 and studied in Cambridge where he held academic posts (1945–1954). His studies were disrupted by World War II, when he was interned and sent to Canada as an alien subject. He   was allowed to return to England in 1941, joined Trinity college as a research fellow and received his M.A. in 1942. During that year he joined the Admiralty Signal Establishment to undertake secret research on radar. There he met the astronomer Fred Hoyle, and thus began his interest in cosmology. After the war he taught mathematics in Cambridge, and in 1954, Bondi was appointed professor of mathematics at King's College, London. He served as master of Churchill College, Cambridge, from 1983 to 1990. He was granted leave of absence in 1967 from King's College, to become director-general of the European Space Research Organization (1967–71), and in 1977–80) was chief scientist to the Ministry of Defense. From 1980 to 1984, he was the chairman of the Natural Environment Reseach Council. In 1959 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Bondi is best known as one of the originators of the steady-state theory of the universe. Bondi's writings include numerous papers on stellar constitution, interstellar medium, geophysics, cosmology, and general relativity. In collaboration with Thomas Gold he produced in 1948 the first paper describing the steady-state theory of the expanding universe, with its concomitant process of the continual creation of matter. His books include Cosmology (19622) and The Universe at Large (1961). Bondi took a great interest in the role of mathematics in secondary school education and in the academic administration of science in the University of London. (Barry Spain)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bondi, Sir Hermann — ▪ 2006       Austrian born British mathematician and cosmologist (b. Nov. 1, 1919, Vienna, Austria d. Sept. 10, 2005, Cambridge, Eng.), was best known for his collaboration with astronomer Thomas Gold and astrophysicist Fred Hoyle in formulating… …   Universalium

  • Bondi , Sir Hermann — (1919–) British–Austrian mathematician and cosmologist. See Hoyle, Sir Fred …   Scientists

  • Hermann Bondi — Sir Hermann Bondi (nacido el 1 de noviembre de 1919 10 de septiembre de 2005). Físico y matemático británico de origen austriaco y un importante cosmólogo. Junto con Fred Hoyle y Thomas Gold, elaboró la Estado Estacionario, alternativa a la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hermann Bondi — Sir Hermann Bondi KCB (* 1. November 1919 in Wien; † 10. September 2005 in Cambridge) war ein britischer Mathematiker und Kosmologe österreichischer Abstammung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Auszeichnungen und Ehrenämter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bondi k-calculus — is a method of teaching special relativity originated by Professor Sir Hermann Bondi, and now common in university and college level physics classes. The usefulness of the k calculus is its simplicity. It has been successfully used to teach… …   Wikipedia

  • Hermann Bondi — Sir Hermann Bondi (nacido el 1 de noviembre de 1919 10 de septiembre de 2005). Físico y matemático británico de origen austriaco y un importante cosmólogo. Junto con Fred Hoyle y Thomas Gold, elaboró la Estado Estacionario, alternativa a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hermann Bondi — Infobox Scientist name = Sir Hermann Bondi box width = image size = 150px caption = Hermann Bondi birth date = birth date|1919|11|01 birth place = Austria death date = death date and age|2005|09|10|1919|11|01 death place = Cambridge,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Fred Hoyle — Fred Hoyle Fred Hoyle Sir Fred Hoyle (24 juin 1915 20 août 2001) était un cosmologiste britannique. Il était le principal détracteur de la théorie du Big Bang. Pour la désigner, il inventa le terme Big Bang …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hoyle, Sir Fred — born June 24, 1915, Bingley, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 20, 2001, Bournemouth, Dorset British mathematician and astronomer. He was educated at the University of Cambridge, where he became a lecturer in 1945. Within the framework of Albert Einstein …   Universalium

  • Hoyle , Sir Fred — (1915–) British astronomer The son of a textile merchant from Bingley in Yorkshire, England, Hoyle was educated at Cambridge. After graduating in 1936 he remained at Cambridge as a graduate student before being elected to a fellowship at St. John …   Scientists


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